10 Jun 2020

Kristina Yapova’s Knowledge of Music: Historical Reflections, Philosophical Perspectives comes out

Kristina Yapova’s book, Knowledge of Music: Historical Reflections, Philosophical Perspectives, vol. 2, Sofia, Institute of Art Studies , BAS, 2020, pp. 370, came out. Each of the centuries between the seventeenth and the twentieth brought a novelty into the repository of ideas of music. Along with that, each of these centuries came out with their versions of their own of the music-philosophy relationship, different from that prevailing in the previous century. The century of Baroque music unsettled the balance between musica mundana, musica humana and musica instrumentalis, guarded in the medieval period by Boethius’s authority, putting forth efforts to develop techniques ensuring that musica instrumentalis would exert control over musica humana. The musical eighteenth century pitted music theorists against universal philosophers attempting to challenge the statements of the former, but unable to have a dialogue of equals. The nineteenth century was marked by yet another confrontation, this time between musical aesthetic, emerging as an independent discipline (Hanslick), and the views of the philosophers, who showed a special interest in music (Schopenhauer and Nietzsche). Thought of in recent history as an expression of human feelings or as a phenomenon of the beautiful, as an immediate display of the will or of primeval Dionysiac element, the twentieth-century music made it clear that it was able to speak up the truth of being. This music set a new requirement to those who dared to follow its ability: to devote themselves wholly to this music, never to leave this music in their human existence, if expecting to be revealed its hidden cognitive abilities.